4th Grade

Topic Code Benchmark Description
Historical Perspectives 4.1.1 Describe both change and continuity of aspects of Hawaiian culture (including religion, land use, and social systems) Ho‘omana Kahiko
Early Hawaiian Society 4.3.1 Explain the origins and culture of early Hawaiians Shelter and kauhale system
Early Hawaiian Society 4.3.1 Explain the origins and culture of early Hawaiians Makahiki
Early Hawaiian Society 4.3.1 Explain the origins and culture of early Hawaiians Sports and Games
Origins and Migration 4.3.1 Explain the origins and culture of early Hawaiians Hāloa-naka
Early Hawaiian Society 4.3.1 Explain the origins and culture of early Hawaiians Feather work
Early Hawaiian Society 4.3.1 Explain the origins and culture of early Hawaiians The Pā'ū of Nāhi'ena'ena
Early Hawaiian Society 4.3.1 Explain the origins and culture of early Hawaiians Western Views of Hawai‘i
Early Hawaiian Society 4.3.1 Explain the origins and culture of early Hawaiians Cordage
Early Hawaiian Society 4.3.1 Explain the origins and culture of early Hawaiians. Weapons and Warfare
Origins and Migration 4.3.4 Describe the theories of early migrations from parts of Polynesia to Hawai‘i, including migration myths and legends Mai kahiki mai: From afar they came
Origins and Migration 4.3.4 Describe the theories of early migrations from parts of Polynesia to Hawai‘i, including migration myths and legends Wahi Pana: Mokumanamana
Unification and Monarchy 4.3.7 Describe the interactions (including economic exchanges and wars) among different cultural and ethnic groups in early Hawai‘i Foreign influence on Education: Lahainaluna
Early Hawaiian Society 4.3.7 Describe the interactions (including economic exchanges and wars) among different cultural and ethnic groups in early Hawai‘i Whaling and its impacts
Early Hawaiian Society 4.3.7 Describe the interactions (including economic exchanges and wars) among different cultural and ethnic groups in early Hawai‘i

Captain James Cook
Early Hawaiian Society 4.3.8 Explain the evolution of Hawai‘i state government Mana and the authority to rule
Unification and Monarchy 4.3.8 Explain the evolution of Hawaii state government

Moku‘ula
Early Hawaiian Society 4.5.1 Describe the roles, rights, and responsibilities of each class in pre-contact Hawai‘i Nā Ali`i
Early Hawaiian Society 4.5.1 Describe the roles, rights, and responsibilities of each class in pre-contact Hawai‘i

Kākau Uhi
Early Hawaiian Society 4.6.1 Explain how language, traditional lore, music, dance, artifacts, traditional practices, beliefs, values, and behaviors are elements of culture and contribute to the preservation of culture Hula: Monarchy
Early Hawaiian Society 4.6.1 Explain how language, traditional lore, music, dance, artifacts, traditional practices, beliefs, values, and behaviors are elements of culture and contribute to the preservation of culture Hōlua: From Past to Present
Early Hawaiian Society 4.6.1 Explain how language, traditional lore, music, dance, artifacts, traditional practices, beliefs, values, and behaviors are elements of culture and contribute to the preservation of culture Hoe wa‘a, to paddle a canoe
Early Hawaiian Society 4.6.1 Explain how language, traditional lore, music, dance, artifacts, traditional practices, beliefs, values, and behaviors are elements of culture and contribute to the preservation of culture Kalo and the Preservation of Culture
Early Hawaiian Society 4.6.1 Explain how language, traditional lore, music, dance, artifacts, traditional practices, beliefs, values, and behaviors are elements of culture and contribute to the preservation of culture Ulana (Weaving), as Explored Through a Makaloa Protest Mat
Early Hawaiian Society 4.6.1 Explain how language, traditional lore, music, dance, artifacts, traditional practices, beliefs, values, and behaviors are elements of culture and contribute to the preservation of culture Hula: from the past to the present
Early Hawaiian Society 4.6.1 Explain how language, traditional lore, music, dance, artifacts, traditional practices, beliefs, values, and behaviors are elements of culture and contribute to the preservation of culture Fishing Traditions
Early Hawaiian Society 4.6.1 Explain how language, traditional lore, music, dance, artifacts, traditional practices, beliefs, values, and behaviors are elements of culture and contribute to the preservation of culture Surfing
Early Hawaiian Society 4.6.3 Describe the changes in Hawaiian culture through contact with Westerners Clothing and adornment